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Every year 24,000 people die prematurely because of pollution from coal-fired power plants.

Every year 38,000 heart attacks occur because of pollution from coal-fired power plants.

Every year 12,000 hospital admissions and 550,000 people suffering asthma attacks result from power plant pollution.

Every year, coal-fired power plants release 48 tons of mercury nationwide.

Power plants release over 40% of total U.S. C02 emissions, a primary contributor to global warming...

...and yet the coal industry wants you to believe that building more coal fired power plants in Michigan is a good idea!

...and now utilities want to burn (as biomass) our trees that capture and store harmful carbon dioxide and produce the oxygen we need to live



Baseload Energy from Wind

A group of Midwest utilities is building a plant that will store excess wind power underground. The group is building a system that will steer surplus electricity generated by a nearby wind farm to a big air compressor (diagram). Connected to a deep well, the compressor pumps air into layers of sandstone. Some 3,000 feet down and sealed from above by dense shale, the porous sandstone acts like a giant balloon. Later, when demand for power rises, this flow is reversed. As the chamber empties, a whoosh of air flows back up the pipe into a natural-gas-fired turbine, boosting its efficiency by upwards of 60%. This trick does more than capture wind that might otherwise be wasted. It also lets the utility sell the stored energy when demand is peaking and prices are highest, says Kent Holst, the park's development director. The 268-megawatt system is on track to go online in 2011. In West Texas, TXU CORP. is working with Shell Wind­Energy to build a massive installation of windmills with 3,000 megawatts of capacity.

Wind in Real Time
This moving wind map updates every hour and lets you see the movement, flow, and speeds of wind across the United States. Below is a still image from the wind map. The real one moves in a way reminiscent of actual wind. The hourly updates come from data about surface winds from the National Digital Forecast Database.

  • http://hint.fm/wind
  • http://www.windpoweringamerica.gov/
  • http://www.michigan.gov/mdcd/0,4611,7-122-25676_25774---,00.html

Wind Sceptics have their facts wrong
The assertion that wind turbines don't reduce carbon emissions is a myth, according to conclusive statistical data obtained from National Grid. With a new wind generation record of 4,131 megawatts set on 14 September, the question of how far the UK's wind generation fleet can help in meeting our climate targets is increasingly controversial. Now it can be shown that the sceptics who lobby against wind simply have their facts wrong.

Capturing the Power of Nature
Wind energy will be used to store air in an underground geologic structure. During peak power demands, the stored air will be released, mixed with a fuel and used to power combustion turbines that produce environmentally friendly and economical electricity. ISEP will utilize some of the latest innovations in the generation of electricity. Wind turbines, deep underground air storage, and efficient combustion turbines will be used by ISEP to take the variability of wind and turn it into clean energy on demand. The project will enable utilities and their customers to add additional renewable energy to their power supplies. [J&E EDITOR: Michigan can also store wind and solar generated energy using pumped water, as demonstrated at the Ludington Pump Storage facility.]

Improving the technical, environmental and social performance of wind energy systems: a whitepaper by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Wind energy systems that combine wind turbine generation with energy storage and long distance transmission may overcome these obstacles and provide a source of power that is functionally equivalent to a conventional baseload electric power plant. A ‘baseload wind’ system can produce a stable, reliable output that can replace a conventional fossil or nuclear baseload plant, instead of merely supplementing its output. This type of system could provide a large fraction of a region’s electricity demand, far beyond the 10–20% often suggested as an economic upper limit for conventional wind generation deployed without storage.

Review of Electrical Energy Storage Technologies and Systems
The complementarities between storage and renewables has become of particular interest, both in terms of capturing enhanced value from such essentially intermittent resources and in maintaining stability in the electrical power system. The development and application of energy storage systems and technologies therefore has the potential both to create sustainable manufacturing and employment opportunities in its own right, whilst also contributing to the Government’s wider objectives, in achieving 15% of electricity supplies from eligible renewables sources, by year 2015.

Huntorf CAES: More than 20 Years of Successful Compressed Air to Energy Operation
Because of the intended shut down of large power generating capacities in Germany, the importance of the "minute reserve" is expected to grow in the near future (the minute reserve refers to power station output that can be made available within a few minutes). Another argument in favour of CAES is found in the steadily rising capacity of wind power, which creates less precise short term predictability of necessary power production.

In the News

Michigan's Largest Windfarm Starting to Take Shape
11-Jul-2011—In just a few weeks, enormous steel towers, fiberglass blades, gearboxes and other parts that go into 464-foot-tall wind turbines will be arriving from around the country. About 150 construction workers will begin building the first of 133 wind turbines at the new Invenergy wind farm in the northeast corner of Gratiot County, west of Saginaw. "We kind of compare it to when the railroad came through in the 1800s," said Jeff Ostrander, Breckenridge village manager. "It's new. It's different. It's interesting."

Wind Power! It's West Michigan's Job
Wind power is coming to West Michigan, bringing clean power, stable electricity prices, a new industry and new jobs to the area. While wind power has proven its effectiveness and reliability throughout the United States and the world for years, it's relatively new to West Michigan. So there are bound to be a lot of questions. Our goal is to answer them.

Michigan offshore wind development won't hurt tourism industry, GVSU study concludes
In a report released Wednesday focusing on offshore wind development, assistant professor of biology Erik Nordman and the GVSU group studied Europe because there are no offshore wind turbines in North America. In Europe, existing offshore wind developments offer no evidence that they harm or help the local tourism industry. Surveys show that while some tourists may avoid beaches with a view of offshore wind turbines just as many may seek them out as points of interest. The GVSU wind study also points out some of the advantages of offshore wind versus more traditional onshore wind farms. The offshore advantages include more consistent and stronger winds, the proximity to large cities and energy customers, the ability to build larger wind turbines and locations that are away from residential areas.

Largest Wind R&D Study Underway at NREL
The Siemens 2.3 MW turbine is among the largest land-based turbines deployed in the marketplace.

Denmark to Integrate 50% Wind Power by 2025
Denmark gets 20% of its energy from wind power, and plans to get to 50% by 2025. Wind generally works best when farms are spread a larger geographic area, both for the variation in wind speeds, which get evened out over larger areas with variation in weather conditions, and in demand which also evens out by crossing time zones so that the people who use electricity are waking up and going to sleep at different times. To export (and import), Western Denmark has an AC connector to Germany that can export at 1500MW and import at 950MW, 740MW of DC connectors to Sweden, and 1040MW of DC connectors to Norway. Eastern Denmark has a 1900MW AC connector to the Swedish grid, and a 600MW DC connector with Germany.

West Michigan Tapped for Wind Power
West Michigan could soon get it's first wind farm. Leaders in Muskegon County are accepting dozens of proposals right now from developers who are looking to build a 50 turbine wind farm at the site of their waste water treatment facilty. They've got the land, more than 11,000 acres of it there, and they've got the wind. Now county administrators are looking to tap into those resources to try and make it a more attractive place for people to live and work. They're also hoping it'll help create new jobs in the area.

Maryland Governor, Proposes Wind Power Mandate
02/ 9/11 | Maryland utilities would have to sign multi-decade contracts to buy offshore wind energy under a proposal Gov. Martin

Your Choice Can Power Change
Today, we have an opportunity to change how the world consumes energy, one product at a time. Introducing WindMade™, the first global consumer label identifying products and corporations made with wind energy. WindMade™ is a global initiative dedicated to increasing corporate investments in wind power by informing consumers about a corporation's use of wind energy, and increasing demand for products that embrace this clean and renewable energy source

Scientist wants to store wind energy in energy bags under the sea
NIMROD Energy Ltd is being launched by Professor Seamus Garvey, based on the Integrated Compressed Air Renewable Energy Systems (ICARES) proposes that we store wind energy as compressed air in what he calls "energy bags." The bags would then be stored below the sea for added pressure. The bags filled with air could be decompressed at a later time to provide energy to turbine that would convert the compressed air back into electricity. Now that's efficiency.

Hybrid Wind-Gas Power Technology
The SmartGen™ system utilizes a ground-based turbo-compressor to compress air and this compressed air is used to drive a turbo air motor directly connected to the wind turbine generator. Compressed air is used because it is safe, non-flammable and efficient when used in combination with the turbo air motor. The turbo air motor is one-tenth the size of the electric generator it is driving. Using the existing wind turbine generator saves considerable money since the generator itself represents a significant cost of the wind turbine, and is already in place and connected to the grid. “If biogas is used then the SmartGen™ system is 100% renewable energy-based (wind and/or biogas). COMPANY WEB SITE

Plans announced for Lake Erie wind farm
General Electric Co. and a regional development group say they plan to create the world's first freshwater wind farm in Lake Erie near Cleveland. GE and the nonprofit Lake Erie Energy Development Corp., or LEEDCo, on Monday announced a partnership to develop five wind turbines in the lake to generate 20 megawatts of power by 2012. The project aims generate 1,000 megawatts by 2020. GE, based in Fairfield, Conn., will build the turbines and provide maintenance. Obviously, the wind is free, there's no emissions, so it also helps clean up the environment.

U.S. Offshore Wind Could Provide 20 Percent of Electricity by 2030
U.S. officials calculate that the total potential for offshore wind generation is more than 4,000 gigawatts — or about four times the generating capacity currently carried on the U.S. grid. That estimate assumes one 5-megawatt wind turbine could be placed on every square kilometer of water with an annual average wind speed above 7 meters-per-second.

Scandia: 50-turbine wind farm at Muskegon County's wastewater site could serve 30,000
A 50-turbine wind farm proposed on Muskegon County's wastewater site in Egelston and Moorland townships would produce enough electricity to serve 30,000 homes and could be operational by 2013

How Ludington's Pumped Storage Facility Can Help Us With Wind Power Development
Michigan—Unbeknownst to many Northern Michiganders, we have a rare asset here, about two hours south of Traverse City, that can in fact store energy from several hundred wind turbines. The system works by filling a reservoir with water from Lake Michigan using electricity generated in off-peak hours. Then, during peak demand periods, the water is let out of the impoundment, running turbines, and creating electricity.

Kicking the CO2 habit:Wedding Great Lakes Wind to Water
A report by the American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) estimated potential US windpower generation at 10,777 million mWh, at that time nearly three times the electricity generated in the United States.

Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES)
The CAES process uses caverns left behind when miners finish mining. Electric power utilities can take off-peak electricity from the grid to power a motor/generator that drives compressors to force air into the airtight underground cavern, which is used as a storage reservoir. The air is held under pressures between 1,000 and 1,500 pounds per square inch (PSI). When electricity demands are greater than wind generation, plant operators bring air from the cavern back to the surface, where it is heated with natural gas, causing it to expand and rush through combustion turbines that power a generator. Electricity created by the generator can then be delivered to customers. [J&E EDITOR: Michigan is a perfect candidate for this technology, because we have a lot of airtight cavern space left over from natural gas extraction. This may be the best way to make wind and solar energy work like baseload energy production available. Michigan utilities need to find the will to embrace this, and stop burning dirty fuels such as coal and biomass.]

Former NREL Chief Engineer Leads New Turbine Company
BOULDER - A new clean energy company with Colorado management roots is making the Front Range home. Boulder Wind Power, headed by former NREL chief engineer, Sandy Butterfield, says it will design and build the next generation of wind turbines. The company will hire 15 people this summer and possibly as many as 30 by year’s end, and it is seeking to attract wind, electrical, structural and mechanical engineers and analysts.

New Study Presents Positive Outlook for Integrating Renewables Into the Grid
The report from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory concludes that integrating large amounts of wind energy into the nation’s electric grid can be done successfully, but much will depend on developing a robust Renewable Electricity Standard and new transmission legislation.

Community Windpower Cooperative
WindShare? WindShare is an innovative, for-profit wind power co-operative, the first of its kind in Canada. WindShare develops locally owned wind power projects that are scaled to the size and characteristics of the host community. WindShare's mission is to demonstrate leadership and action in the community wind power sector, and to develop community power projects that are sustainable economically, environmentally, and socially. WindShare provides an alternative to large, centralized energy generation with the development of local, profitable and inclusive community power projects.

State Leader Hopes To Have Offshore Wind Rules
06/10/2010—At the state Capitol, a workgroup has begun the job of drafting legislation that would set the rules for wind farms off the Great Lakes shoreline. State Senator Patricia Birkholz is leading the workgroup. She says offshore wind power will require a shift in how people think of the Great Lakes. Energy experts say Michigan's biggest potential source of wind electricity is offshore turbines.

First Offshore Wind Farm in U.S.
The approval of the 130-turbine farm gives a significant boost to the nascent offshore wind industry in the United States, which has lagged far behind Europe and China in harnessing the strong and steady power of ocean breezes to provide electricity to homes and businesses. At least half a dozen offshore wind farms have been proposed along the East Coast and the Great Lakes. Their relatively shallow waters make wind energy more feasible than off the West Coast, where the ocean floor drops off precipitously.

Wind power grid to make wind power more reliable
The energy needs of the entire human population could potentially be met by converting wind energy to electricity by means of wind turbines. While offshore wind power resources are abundant, wind turbines are currently unable to provide steady power due to natural fluctuations in wind direction and strength. However, offshore wind power output can be made more consistent by choosing project development locations that take advantage of regional weather patterns and by connecting wind power generators with a shared power line, according to a paper by researchers from the University of Delaware and Stony Brook University that is published in the April 5 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Researchers study deep-water wind turbines
The states with the greatest need for more electricity are those that would benefit the most from increased offshore wind power generation, says the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Of the contiguous 48 states, 28 have coastlines; according to a 2008 DOE report, those states use nearly 80 percent of the nation's electricity.

PACE Home Loans Spreading Like Wildfire
Hardly a week goes by before I find myself listing off more cities and counties that have adopted the landmark municipal solar lending program piloted in Berkeley, California in 2008. Now dubbed the more universal moniker, Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE), this revolutionary program allows homeowners to pay for home solar power over the long-term through a voluntary increase on property taxes. Expect a slew of additional cities or counties to adopt PACE programs. The process begins when state governments pass laws allowing municipalities to adopt their own version of PACE. So far, 16 states have passed these laws and 10 more have them in the works. To illustrate how effective PACE incentive programs are, note that Berkeley’s applications were “sold out” in just nine minutes when the program opened.

No widespread impact of wind power projects on surrounding residential property values in the US
Over 30,000 megawatts of wind energy capacity are installed across the United States and an increasing number of communities are considering new wind power facilities. Given these developments, there is an urgent need to empirically investigate typical community concerns about wind energy and thereby provide stakeholders involved in the wind project siting process a common base of knowledge. A major new report released today by the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory evaluates one of those concerns, and finds that proximity to wind energy facilities does not have a pervasive or widespread adverse effect on the property values of nearby homes. The new report, funded by the DOE, is based on site visits, data collection, and analysis of almost 7,500 single-family home sales, making it the most comprehensive and data-rich analysis to date on the potential impact of U.S. wind projects on residential property values.

GE to Debut Gearless Offshore Wind Turbine
General Electric Co., the world’s second-biggest maker of wind turbines, plans to introduce a 4 megawatt gearless wind turbine for offshore use in 2012. We are reducing costs and improving the performance. Direct drive or gearless turbines reduce the number of moving parts in a unit and increase reliability, helping minimize costly open-sea maintenance.

Available Now - Michigan Can Produce 259% of the Green Energy We Need
This updated edition of Energy Self-Reliant States narrows the focus to electricity, but includes virtually all renewable resources (on shore and off shore wind, micro hydro, combined heat and power, geothermal, rooftop PV). We also discuss the potential gains from improving energy efficiency and estimate the per kWh costs for each state to become energy independent.

Department of Energy Triples Nation's Wind Energy Potential Estimates
February 24, 2010—The Department of Energy (DOE) recently released new estimates of the U.S. potential for wind-generated electricity, tripling previous estimates of the size of the nation's wind resources. The new study, which was carried out by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and AWS Truewind, finds that the contiguous 48 states have the potential to generate up to 37 million gigawatt hours annually. By contrast, total U.S. electricity generation from all sources was roughly 4 million gigawatt hours in 2009. In other words we have nearly ten times more wind energy available, than we consumed in the United States.

Michigan Wind Map and Resource Potential Wind resource map.
The chart shows the potential megawatts of rated capacity above a given gross capacity factor (without losses) at 80-m and 100-m heights above ground. You can view a larger version or download a printable map (PDF 104 KB) Download Adobe Reader. The Department of Energy's Wind Program and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) published a new wind resource map for the state of Michigan. The new wind resource map shows the predicted mean annual wind speeds at 80-m height. Presented at a spatial resolution of 2.5 km (interpolated to a finer scale for display). Areas with annual average wind speeds around 6.5 m/s and greater at 80-m height are generally considered to have suitable wind resource for wind development.

Shifting the world to 100% clean, renewable energy by 2030 – here are the numbers
Stanford University Study—Wind, water and solar energy resources are sufficiently available to provide all the world's energy. Converting to electricity and hydrogen powered by these sources would reduce world power demand by 30 percent, thereby avoiding 13,000 coal power [and biomass] plants. Materials and costs are not limitations to these conversions, but politics may be, say Stanford and UC researchers who have mapped out a blueprint for powering the world. The key is turning to wind, water and solar energy to generate electrical power – making a massive commitment to them – and eliminating combustion as a way to generate power for vehicles as well as for normal electricity use. The problem lies in the use of fossil fuels and biomass combustion, which are notoriously inefficient at producing usable energy.

From Oil Sector to Wind Power in Norway
Sway AS, located south of Bergen, is a worldwide leader in floating wind turbines. The company has developed a floating wind turbine that can be placed anywhere the sea is deeper than 30 metres. Most of Sway’s 20 employees were recruited from the petroleum sector. Indeed, many others from this sector are intrigued by the prospect of applying their offshore expertise to the dynamic field of renewable energy and helping to drive its progress at Sway and similar companies. The engineers at Sway are confident in their wind turbine design, which uses an unconventional setup by placing the rotor behind the nacelle. As the floating tower leans some 6-8 degrees away from the wind, this downwind design allows the unit to tilt forward — keeping the blades aligned with the wind’s force to capture its maximal energy.

Astraeus Wind Energy Takes Off in Michigan
Lansing—Astraeus has recently obtained $7 million in federal funding to begin addressing the need for lower costs and better solutions for the wind energy industry with a focus on low cost machining of hubs. The additional funding requested will allow Astraeus to expand and accelerate the scope of the original federally funded project beyond automation methods for hub machining helping to address the entire rotor system including composite blades, an area of primary failure in today's market.

Editorial: Wind power is economic power
Putting windmills in the big lakes would reduce the state’s dependence on coal power, create jobs and return life to dead factories and sleepy harbors. Delay means missing a big opportunity. Pent-up manufacturing potential, idled in the contraction of the auto industry, is waiting to be remobilized and put to new purpose. Making windmill parts needs to be done relatively close to where turbines are built. Giant blades can’t be moved over long distances. Local harbors would play a key role here.

US Investment Flows to Offshore Wind
The Great Lakes appears to be a gold mine for offshore wind, with thousands of megawatts positioned for development due to polices created by the Ontario government. An enormous body of water, the Great Lakes is a windy place. The five lakes, which border eight US states and Ontario, can produce more offshore wind energy than all of the US coasts combined, according to a report by the Trillium Power Wind Corporation, a company that plans to build four Great Lakes wind farms, which will produce about 3500 MW. The Great Lakes offers a better environment than the ocean for offshore wind facilities, says the report, because the installations corrode more slowly in fresh water and are spared strong waves and tides.

Norwegian Company Develops World’s Largest Wind Turbine
March 1st, 2010—As fossil fuels continue to diminish and climate change poses an ever-increasing threat, scientists around the world are searching for new and more efficient methods of generating energy. Wind energy is one of the more promising alternative energy sources and Norwegian scientists are currently in the development stages of what promises to be the world’s largest wind turbine. As if creating the biggest wind turbine in the world was not enough, it also floats. A single floating turbine will be able to generate 10-megawatts to power more than 2,000 homes.

Jet Engines Inspire New Wind Turbine Technology
Something that will help pick up the pace even further is new technology that is coming from FloDesign. Their truly unique wind turbine is actually based on the design of a jet engine instead of the traditional windmills that we see all across the country. Their concept seems to be a simple one, but it extremely effective.

Michigan Great Lakes Wind Council
The Great Lakes Wind Council, created by Executive Order No. 2009-1, serves as an advisory body within the Michigan Department of Energy, Labor & Economic Growth to examine issues and make recommendations related to offshore wind development in Michigan. The council consists of key state agency representatives and stakeholders appointed by Governor Jennifer M. Granholm.

Consumers Energy moving closer to developing large-scale wind farms
February 17, 2010—Consumers Energy is moving closer toward the development of two large-scale wind farms. The Jackson-based utility is the largest supplier of renewable energy in the state, with more than 4 percent of the power it supplies to customers coming from Michigan-based renewable sources.

Wind Power Grows 39% for the Year
January 26, 2010—Despite a crippling recession and tight credit markets, the American wind power industry grew at a blistering pace in 2009, adding 39 percent more capacity. The American Wind Energy Association, in its annual report to be released on Tuesday, said the amount of capacity added last year, 9,900 megawatts, was the largest on record, and was 18 percent above the capacity added in 2008, also a banner year. About as much new power-generating capacity came from wind as from natural gas last year, Ms. Bode said. Together, new wind and natural gas projects accounted for about 80 percent of all new generating capacity added in the country.

US electricity from wind energy exceeds share from petroleum or biomass
26 January 2010—For the first time, power generation from wind energy constituted a larger share of total electricity than from petroleum or from wood and wood-derived fuels, notes Electric Power Industry 2008: Year in Review released by the Department of Energy’s Energy Information Administration. Output from wood and wood-derived fuels dropped in 2008, as did generation from coal (down 1.5%), natural gas (-1.5%) and nuclear (-0.03%). Nationally, wind generation increased 60.7% from its 2007 level.

Wind Trends 2010
Wind Power: Second-largest Source of New U.S. Power Generating Capacity for Sixth Year… Wind is [expected in 2010 to continue to be] one of the largest sources of new power generation…second only to natural gas… The most important job creation policy that Congress can enact is a national [Renewable Electricity Standard (RES)] which provides the long-term certainty that companies need to invest in new facilities and train workers to make the 8,000 components that go into a modern wind turbine.

The apparent height of the turbines, at 3 mi from the shore, will look like a 2-inch matchstick held 10-feet away from your eyes

Lake Michigan offshore wind farm
Scandia Wind Offshore CEO Steve Warner wants Mason and Oceana counties to join him when the wind turbine developer goes to the state for a lease for a 1,000 megawatt wind farm in Lake Michigan. The company and its Norwegian partner, Havgul Clean Energy, are proposing to construct 100 to 200 wind turbines to create the wind farm in Lake Michigan from the Ludington Pumped Storage Plant in Mason County to Silver Lake State Park in Oceana County. The proposal is for the facility to be 3.7 miles off shore at its north end, but closer to shore as it extends south toward Silver Lake State Park.

Jan. 18, 7 p.m., Shelby High School auditorium, 641 N. State St., Shelby
Jan. 19, 7 p.m., Ludington High School Peterson Auditorium, 706 E. Tinkham Ave., Ludington

    Related Article: The apparent size of the proposed windmills from the shoreline | Another web site with actual photos

Michigan Perfect for Offshore Wind
Governor Granholm renewed the 29 member Great Lakes Wind Council. Their job has been to figure out where windmills could generate the most electricity without disturbing nature and commerce. This month, the council heard a call to action from a Norwegian wind developer. Michigan Now’s Chris McCarus reports. Harold Dirdal is a civil engineer. He and 4 other men run a company called Havgul based in Oslo Norway. They’ve developed thousands of megawatts on and offshore in Norway. They’re developing a 5,000 megawatt wind farm in the Texas panhandle. Now they want to come here.

Challenges and Opportunities for Offshore Wind Power pdf
This is a comprehensive study done by Virginia Tech University and their partners. There are many charts, graphs, and photographs. This is a great primer toward understanding the potential in offshore wind power in Michigan.

This photo simulation compares the visibility of wind turbines placed at varying distances from shore. Specifically, the turbines are depicted at distances, left to right, of 2 miles, 3 miles, 4 miles, 5 miles, 6 miles, 7 miles and 8 miles from the shore.

Community Wind
December 22nd, 2009—With wind farms popping up across the countryside, Midwesterners are becoming much more familiar with wind energy. Yet few are aware of the type of wind development called “community wind.” That should change, however, thanks to a new publication called “Lessons & Concepts for Advancing Community Wind,”

Communities, not just corporations, want wind projects too
“We’re seeing time and time again that there are economic benefits that stay local and that’s what is driving the policy. Keeping those investment dollars local. Building a rural industry compatible with existing land uses whether it’s agriculture, recreation or whatever. Also providing national energy security and addressing climate change.” Community wind is when ordinary residents band together.

Without its own oil or coal, Michigan should use wind
Most of Michigan’s oil and gas and all of its coal comes from outside the state. That’s $26 billion dollars a year that Michiganders lose. Larry Flowers came from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Colorado. “You guys don’t have a coal resource indigenous to Michigan. You don’t have a gas resource indigenous to Michigan. So all of that money goes out of state. So it just makes sense to capture the resource you have which is wind.” Recent Michigan law forces utility companies to get 10% of their power from solar, wind or biomass by the year 2015.

The Economic Optimization of Wind Turbine Design pdf
This study developed a model which optimizes the wind turbine design to maximize the economic value of the wind turbine. When wind conditions are analyzed on a time-of-day basis, it can be seen that the average wind conditions during peak demand often differs significantly from the wind conditions averaged over an annual period. As a result, the optimal wind turbine design based on wind conditions averaged over an annual period is not necessarily the optimal economic design. In this optimization, an economic weighting scheme is derived from the commercial time-of-day rate of the utility company which corresponds to the specific wind site being considered.

The Potential Economic Impact of an Off-Shore Wind Farm pdf
Over the last two decades the demand for renewable energy has increased and in response the wind energy industry has grown by more than 30% annually. Recently, offshore wind power has emerged as a "new frontier" in wind energy, with more than 20,000 megawatts of new generating capacity planned for the waters off Northern Europe alone.1 By the end of 2007, some projections suggest that the offshore renewable energy market may be worth as much as $12 billion.

Report of the Michigan Wind Energy Resource Zone Board
October 15, 2009—The electric industry is in a period of major flux and is transitioning from a nearly exclusive reliance on nonrenewable resources to the rapid increase in the commercial development of wind energy and other renewable energy resources spurred by state and federal policies and market forces. Michigan is among a group of states that are expected to experience significant commercial wind energy development.

The Effect of Wind Development on Local property Values
This study sucks the wind out of all the claims about lower property values. Will I bet on it? Yup, I already have with my own property.

Wind Turbine Sound and Health Effects pdf
People have been harnessing the power of the wind for more than 5,000 years. Initially used widely for farm irrigation and millworks, today’s modern wind turbines produce electricity in more than 70 countries. As of the end of 2008, there were approximately 120,800 megawatts of wind energy capacity installed around the world (Global Wind Energy Council, 2009). Wind energy enjoys considerable public support, but it also has its detractors, who have publicized their concerns that the sounds emitted from wind turbines cause adverse health consequences. The report includes peer reviewed studies by medical doctors, audiologists, and acoustical professionals from the United States, Canada, Denmark, and the United Kingdom. The objective of the panel was to provide an authoritative reference document for legislators, regulators, and anyone who wants to make sense of the conflicting information about wind turbine sound.

Is small windmill design the answer?
Native Americans in Michigan and the USDA want to bring windmills to everybody, not just farmers and utility companies. They’re backing a Michigan man whose design could lead to a slower, smaller, cheaper and better windmill.

Company Looks To Build Off-Shore Wind In Ludington
A Norwegian Company is studying the possibility of an off-shore wind farm near Ludington. Company officials say the expense of building in water is offset by the strong winds on Lake Michigan. Their initial idea is for 100 to 200 turbines located three to four miles offshore. Ideally, the electricity would connect to the power grid through the Ludington Pumped Storage Plant. That plant pumps water up to a reservoir at night when electricity costs are cheaper then releases the water to generate power during the day [Editor: Kinetic storage of energy, such as raising water to be used to turn turbines when the wind is not generating electricity can then be used to supply "baseload power."]

Wind Turbines Coming to Grand Rapids?
WEST MICHIGAN — The rumors have blown in the wind for several years — that green power companies were eyeing farmland known as The Ridge along the border of Kent and Ottawa counties for major wind farms. Two companies quietly have competed against each other to buy leases for wind turbines that would tower above the apple trees and pastures in Sparta and Chester townships. They could be tall enough to be seen from downtown Grand Rapids. By casting their lot with the wind, some farmers in Kent and Ottawa counties hope to become part of a national phenomenon. A U.S. Energy Department report released Monday said wind can produce a fifth of the nation’s electricity needs within about two decades — about the same amount now produced by nuclear power.

Grand Rapids plan for wind turbines at water plant
It will if Grand Rapids officials put together a $15 million proposal to build two wind turbines on land the city owns next door to its Lake Michigan Water Filtration Plant. The turbines could generate enough electricity to help power the 15 giant pumps that deliver an average of 40 million gallons of Lake Michigan water to 300,000 customers in Grand Rapids and its suburbs each day. “The intent is to provide onsite energy production, so we can reduce our cost of electricity at the lake,” said Haris Alibasic, the city’s sustainability coordinator. The water filtration plant consumes about 18 million kilowatts a year, almost 17 percent of the city’s electrical bill, Alibasic said. Wind power and a small solar power unit at the plant could save the city $565,000 a year

Holland passes new rules for residential, commercial wind turbines
HOLLAND — Homeowners in the city now have the ability to generate their own electricity by harnessing energy generated by the wind. Homeowners would be able to install wind turbines of up to 30 kilowatts, so long as the height of the tower isn’t wider than the distance between the tower location and property line.

Muskegon Township weighs wind ordinance
Muskegon Township has joined a growing list of West Michigan municipalities considering ordinances to regulate wind turbines. The township’s planning commission this month is expected to consider a proposed wind ordinance. If the planners approve it, the issue would go to the elected township board for consideration. If the board adopts it, the proposal would become law. “The ordinance basically tries to establish procedures for putting one up, and differentiate between two types of windmills: energy for on-site use (to power homes, farms and small businesses), and energy for the grid,” said David Fisher, the township’s director of planning and community development.Wind-energy ordinances have been enacted in the last year or two in at least the city of Norton Shores and Fruitland and White River townships in Muskegon County, Grand Haven Township in Ottawa County and Elbridge Township in Oceana County.

Ottawa County Ordinance pdf
The purpose of this Ordinance is to establish guidelines for siting Wind Energy Turbines (WETs). The goals are as follows: A. To promote the safe, effective, and efficient use of a WET in order to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels in producing electricity. B. Preserve and protect public health, safety, welfare, and quality of life by minimizing the potential adverse impacts of a WET. C. To establish standards and procedures by which the siting, design, engineering, installation, operation, and maintenance of a WET shall be governed.

The Impact of Wind Power Projects on Residential Property Values in the United States pdf
This report builds on the previous literature that has investigated the potential impact of wind projects on residential property values by using a hedonic pricing model. The hedonic pricing model is one of the most prominent and reliable methods for identifying impacts of different housing and community characteristics on residential property values. Homes in the study areas analyzed here do not appear to be measurably stigmatized by the arrival of a wind facility, regardless of when those homes sold in the wind project development process and regardless of whether the homes are located one mile or five miles away from the nearest facility.

Breezy Great Lakes are an Ideal Source for Wind Power
“It’s like this: You got an apple tree, it’s got some apples. We don’t need a committee to spend a year deciding whether we should pick those apples.” Wind power has already established a beachhead on Wisconsin soil — you can see 88 Danish-built windmills stretching 400 feet into the sky just east of Lake Winnebago. They’re capable of squeezing enough juice from the airstream to power 36,000 homes, according to We Energies. Similar blades are spinning along U.S. Highway 41 in Fond du Lac County. And they’re whirling near the Lake Michigan shoreline in Kewaunee County. And now it looks like at least one might be headed for scenic Madeline Island.

Wind Power Leads the Way in Ohio, Michigan continues to fall behind in Green Energy Development
By 2015, DP &L wants to have 552,000 megawatts of renewable energy, a big step in a state that ranks among the top four in coal use. The company hopes to reach part of that goal through conservation efforts, including rebates to rate payers for using energy efficient light bulbs. The U.S. Department of Energy's Renewable Energy Policy Project says that economically hard-hit states such as California, Ohio, Michigan and Illinois stand to benefit most from wind turbine production, with Ohio getting 11,688 new manufacturing jobs, according to the study. The Ohio Department of Development puts estimates for new wind power-related jobs in Ohio as high as 30,000. The solar power industry could create up to 8,000 jobs long-term.

GE Wins $1.4 Billion Turbine Order for Biggest Wind Farm So Far
General Electric Co. won a $1.4 billion contract to supply turbines and services for an Oregon wind farm that would be bigger than any completed so far and supply a tenth of Southern California Edison’s renewable energy. GE, whose equipment generates one-third of the world’s electricity, will supply 338 of its 2.5-megawatt turbines to Caithness Energy LLC to be installed in 2011 and 2012 and will hold a 10-year service contract, the companies said in a statement. About 400 people will be needed during construction of the wind farm.

Commercial Wind Power in Northern Michigan: Three Stories
Wind power on a grand scale is not new to America, but it is novel to Michigan, which as recently as 2007 had just three commercial wind turbines (by comparison, Texas had about 3,000). Today Michigan has about 60 commercial wind turbines, but wind experts say that within six years the number could rise to 1,000 statewide and possibly more if power companies are to meet the mandate of a state law passed in December 2008 that requires them to produce at least 10 percent of their energy from renewable sources by 2015. The three regions in the state with the greatest wind potential. Included on the list was a chunk of Northwest Lower Michigan’s gold coast, embracing all or portions of Manistee, Benzie, Leelanau, Antrim and Charlevoix counties, an area the report said could sustain a maximum of 970 turbines. The other top regions were in the Thumb and Allegan County, which includes South Haven.

Michigan Wind Resource Map
Michigan Jobs and Energy — NO coal required! The Department of Energy's Wind Program and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) published a new wind resource map for the state of Michigan. This resource map shows wind speed estimates at 50 meters above the ground and depicts the resource that could be used for utility-scale wind development. Future plans are to provide wind speed estimates at 30 meters, which are useful for identifying small wind turbine opportunities.

Cost and Quantity of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Avoided by Wind Generation
Energy storage is completely uneconomic for the amounts of energy required. So we must use back-up generation. Constantly, instantly available back-up must be provided by reliable energy sources (to provide power whenever the wind speed drops). Coal, gas, hydro and nuclear power provide reliable power, but not all are suitable as back up generators for wind power. Back-up generation is mostly provided by gas turbines in Australia. The reasons why gas provides the back-up rather than one of the other energy sources are... DOWNLOAD

Wind Energy and the Environment
Environmental pollution and the emission of CO2 (carbon dioxide) from the use of fossil fuels constitute a threat to health, the environment and sustainable economic growth. Other major pollutants from conventional electricity, which are avoided through wind power, include SO2,NOx and PM10. The most serious threat comes from accelerating climate change, whose effects are already being seen around the world in rising temperatures, melting ice caps and volatile weather patterns. .

1,400 at Detroit Wind Event
Some 1,400 people are expected at Cobo Hall. John Dunlop is an engineer with the American Wind Energy Association. They want Washington to force utility companies to buy wind, solar and biomass. Dunlop says then ordinary consumers will demand it. And the economy will rebound.

Annual Report on U.S. Wind Power Installation, Cost, and Performance Trends: 2007
The need for timely, objective information on the industry and its progress has never been greater. This report attempts to meet this need by providing a detailed overview of developments and trends in the U.S.wind power market, with a particular focus on 2007.

Breezy Great Lakes are an Ideal Source for Wind Power
“It’s like this: You got an apple tree, it’s got some apples. We don’t need a committee to spend a year deciding whether we should pick those apples.” Wind power has already established a beachhead on Wisconsin soil — you can see 88 Danish-built windmills stretching 400 feet into the sky just east of Lake Winnebago. They’re capable of squeezing enough juice from the airstream to power 36,000 homes, according to We Energies. Similar blades are spinning along U.S. Highway 41 in Fond du Lac County. And they’re whirling near the Lake Michigan shoreline in Kewaunee County. And now it looks like at least one might be headed for scenic Madeline Island.

Wind 'is the way to go'
An ever increasing interest in energy alternatives brought more than 100 farmers and landowners to a series of wind energy workshops provided by the Michigan State University Extension of Leelanau County, the latest held at the Northwest Michigan Horticultural Research Station. "Michigan has a lot of good opportunities for good wind energy production," said Dr. Stephen Harsh of Michigan State University, as he provided information on small wind systems and the economic, zoning and funding opportunities available for interested northern Michigan landowners. Pointing out the benefit a thriving turbine industry can have in turning around a sluggish economy, Harsh sees wind as eventually becoming the least expensive way to produce energy as well as bring down greenhouse gas emissions. According to Harsh, $20 billion leaves the Michigan economy each year in non-renewable fuel costs.

People Pack Room to Hear About Energy Options
LAPEER -- Nearly 200 local officials, landowners and business people packed into a conference room at the Michigan State University Extension office in downtown Lapeer on Tuesday in two sessions to hear the latest on wind energy and one could almost hear the rustling of dollar bills. Although California leads the country with wind-generated electricity, Harsh said "Michigan is starting to catch up." He noted the state rank's 14th in wind-generation potential, putting it ahead of Illinois, Indiana and California. With the growing concern about global warming, wind generated power is becoming more attractive, he said, noting each megawatt of wind generated by electricity eliminates the need to burn 16 tons of coal. "It's kind of a free resource than you can not deplete," he said.

Wind Power – A clean Revolution in the Energy Sector PDF
Everyone in the industry has been preparing for a time of falling renewable energy prices, rapid consolidation, and a quick push-out of weak companies. That time is now. And the economic crisis is only speeding the process up. Wind power net capacity additions over the last ten years (1998-2007) have showed a mean growth rate of 30.4 percent per year, corresponding to a doubling of net additions every 2½ years. In scenario A, the observed mean annual growth rate of wind power additions, 30.4 percent, from 1998 to 2007, is used as a proxy for further expansion. As a result, wind energy will have conquered a 50 percent market share of global new power plant installations by 2019 and a close to 100 percent market share by 2022, alongside with solar and other renewables such as hydro and biomass. Global non-renewable power generation would peak in 2018 and could be phased out completely by 2037. The scenarios B, C and D, with half the annual growth rates for wind.

Proposed Traverse City Light and Power projects include wind farm
TRAVERSE CITY -- A wind farm and biomass plants are among $130 million in proposed projects for Traverse City Light & Power. "Our main goal is to keep the rates down, and whatever we have to do ... we'll do, particularly during these economic times." "I'm mostly impressed that we're not really focusing on any new coal-fired generation for the future," City Commissioner Jim Carruthers said.

Wolverine Power Supply Wins DOE Wind Cooperative of the Year Award
02/18/2009—The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Wind and Hydropower Technologies Program and National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) recognized Wolverine Power Supply Cooperative as the 2008 Wind Cooperative of the Year at the NRECA TechAdvantage Conference in New Orleans, LA, this past weekend. The award honors the Michigan cooperative for its vision and leadership in developing the state's first $94 million Harvest Wind Farm in Huron County. The wind farm, which began commercial operation in 2008, generates 52.8 megawatts, or enough electricity to power 15,000 homes.

Two Ann Arbor startups advance wind energy as viable energy option
Bolstered by concerns that existing wind energy technology isn't sufficient to meet renewable energy needs, two Ann Arbor startup companies are developing new solutions that could turn wind into a dramatically more viable energy option. "There are lots of opportunities right now to achieve higher efficiency in wind generation for electricity," Alvarado said. "Innovation is key."

Wind Power Leads the Way in Ohio, Michigan continues to fall behind in Green Energy Development
By 2015, DP &L wants to have 552,000 megawatts of renewable energy, a big step in a state that ranks among the top four in coal use. The company hopes to reach part of that goal through conservation efforts, including rebates to rate payers for using energy efficient light bulbs. The U.S. Department of Energy's Renewable Energy Policy Project says that economically hard-hit states such as California, Ohio, Michigan and Illinois stand to benefit most from wind turbine production, with Ohio getting 11,688 new manufacturing jobs, according to the study. The Ohio Department of Development puts estimates for new wind power-related jobs in Ohio as high as 30,000. The solar power industry could create up to 8,000 jobs long-term.

Wind power was 19 percent of all U.S. electricity generation capacity added in 2006. The U.S. Department of Energy found that generating 20 percent of U.S. electricity from wind by 2030 would avoid 825 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) in 2030, a 25 percent reduction relative to a no-new-wind scenario. Wind power is one of the least expensive renewable energy sources; it has become increasingly cost- competitive with fossil- ueled electricity generation and would be even more with a price on carbon. The levelized cost of electricity generation3 (including tax incentives) from a new wind farm can range from 6-13 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh).

Storing the Breeze
Xcel Energy, Inc., has become one of the first utilities in the U.S. to install a giant battery system in an attempt to store some of that wind power for later. "Energy storage might help us get to the point where we can integrate wind better," says Frank Novachek, director of corporate planning for the Minneapolis-based utility with customers in Michigan... "The overall cost of electricity might be lower by using energy storage."

New Designs in Wind Turbines
Power from our wind is becoming even more practical. It's difficult to come up with a better idea than a fuel source that cost nothing. You don't have to drill, pump, transport, or pollute. Smart people in the know, say, Let it Blow. Let it Blow. Let it Blow.

According to the U.S. Department of Energy, the world's winds could supply more than 10 times the current total world energy demand using today's wind turbine technology.

Wind Power Is Officially Cheaper Than Coal
When one of George Bush’s federal agencies says that the price of new coal-fired power is higher than the price of wind power, you know the coal industry is in trouble. A new slideshow by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, which closely tracks energy prices, says that the costs of coal, of getting it from mine to power plant, and of the steel, cement, copper, and labor to build coal plants are rising rapidly and will continue to do so. Then the slides connect the dots: Given new coal’s ballooning costs and the unknown price of upcoming CO2 regulations, investing in new coal plants is increasingly risky. Slide 11 tells the story: Wind power is now a better bet.

See if wind makes sense for your home/business
American farmers and entrepreneurs can help meet our energy needs, strengthen national security, create jobs and fight global warming by investing in homegrown power sources. See whether harvesting renewable makes economic sense for you: Click on a state to zoom in for detailed county-specific information. Use the options below to select the types of facilities and types of energy potential you would like to view.

More than 70 Iowa city utilities invest in stored wind energy plan
A group of Iowa cities intends to not only harness the wind, but also capture it, store it underground and use it to help make electricity when demand peaks. Members of the Iowa Association of Municipal Utilities have invested in a proposed power plant that would use wind turbines to drive compressed air into underground aquifers. The air would be released to generate electricity when needed. It's a new twist on the idea of using wind energy in a way that removes the unreliability of nature.

Wind Energy in Michigan
Wind energy systems use the wind to turn a set of aerodynamic blades attached to an electric generator or turbine. When the wind blows, the blades turn, spinning a shaft that creates electricity in a generator. Wind turbines that are being manufactured have power ratings ranging from 250 to 2,000,000 watts (2 MW). For example, Traverse City Light and Power has a 600 kW (600,000 watts) wind generator that provides power for approximately 200 households. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory has estimated that Michigan has a potential for development of 16, 560 MW.

Wind Energy in Michigan Wiki
The Michigan Renewable Energy Program (MREP) is a project of the Michigan Public Service Commission. MREP was established by the Michigan legislature in June 2000, and is being implemented by the Michigan Public Service Commission (MPSC), to promote the use of renewable energy in the state. A diverse group of individuals and organizations with knowledge and experience in energy production, technology, education, and policy development have been assembled to identify and address barriers to the advancement of renewables and recommend initiatives to increase renewable use in Michigan. The MREP is an "open forum" project: anyone who is interested is welcome to join.

Wind Farming in Michigan
The most ambitious wind power project in Michigan history is taking shape in rural Oceana County on the picturesque shores of Lake Michigan. With hopes of bringing this state up to speed with the nation's fastest growing source of electricity, Rich VanderVeen of Grand Rapids-based Mackinaw Power has proposed a 21-turbine wind farm on an elevated 8,000 acres of farmland north of Muskegon. The 230-foot turbines would share the land with cherry and apple orchards and fields of asparagus. VanderVeen says his windmills would generate electricity for all 27,000 people who live in the county -- tapping a natural resource that is in endless supply and cranks out power without pollution or foreign energy sources. Michigan is behind the curve on this emerging power source. Just three turbines exist in the state today, two run by VanderVeen in Mackinac County and the third in Traverse City, operated by the local power and light company. Combined, they produce less than 1 percent of the state's electricity.

Energy from the Wind
Muskegon's future might be blowing in the wind. Literally. And it could mean hundreds of new jobs and the development of energy that is both plentiful and clean. Local leaders want Muskegon to become the center of a Great Lakes industry that would produce wind energy and the turbines and parts necessary to make it happen. Such a vision would involve placing dozens -- if not hundreds -- of 325-foot wind turbines, or windmills, on floating anchor points 22 miles off the Lake Michigan shoreline that couldn't be seen from land.

Green energy initiatives may bring more turbines to Northern Michigan
As the nation continues to look toward cleaner and more renewable energy sources to fuel electricity, wind energy is becoming a more viable option, and recent data suggests that Northern Michigan’s hilly terrain and proximity to the Great Lakes make it an ideal area to harvest this inextinguishable source of power.

Offshore Wind Farms
Principle Power is poised to bring development of floating wind turbine platform technology to the market by addressing two of the biggest technical challenges associated with offshore wind installations: deep water site selection and installation. Using intellectual property developed by experienced offshore oil and gas industry experts coupled with novel innovations by in-house engineering, Principle Power is currently pursuing a pilot project to further prove the potential and economic feasibility of deep water offshore wind energy installations around the world.

Wind Power's Warm Breeze
A Traverse City company named Heritage Sustainable Energy will erect a pair of 350-foot-tall windmills capable of generating 2.5 megawatts each, or enough electricity to power roughly 700 homes apiece. The huge machines, manufactured by the German company Fuhrlander A.G., are among the world’s largest. They are intended to be the first phase of a $330 million project to build 60 windmills on 12,000 acres outside of this small town about an hour southeast of Traverse City. The mammoth industrial undertaking, led by Martin Lagina, a 52-year-old energy industry executive, would put the 14,400 residents of Missaukee County at the leading edge of the clean energy economy that is gradually unfolding in Michigan and the Midwest.

Wind Turbines in Michigan
People in Traverse City decided that they wanted to support renewable energy. They agreed to pay a little more on their electric bills, about $7.58 each month, for electricity generated by this wind turbine just outside their town. Each home that uses the wind turbine’s electricity prevents the burning of 6,000 pounds of coal that would otherwise have been used to generate their electricity. This prevents the release of 10,000 pounds of carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas), 60 pounds of sulfur dioxide, and 40 pounds of nitrogen oxides (both cause acid rain).5 There are thousands of huge wind turbines like the one above operating in the U.S. and other countries, but only three in Michigan. Two are in Mackinaw City, just south of the bridge. Look for it the next time you drive by. There have also been hundreds of small wind generators installed in Michigan. Think about the possibilities of using nonpolluting wind energy in your neighborhood. We’re just starting to catch the wind.

Leelanau winery is 'off the grid'
John Wyman's Victoria Creek Vineyards in Leelanau County is the lone winery in the state that's "off the grid," meaning he doesn't use utility-generated power. All Wyman's energy is self-manufactured and comes from geothermal, wind and solar power.

MSU and Wind Energy
MSU Extension is working with landowners in Michigan to explore their options for wind energy. The State Energy Office of Michigan and the U.S. Department of Energy are sponsoring this effort to encourage more wind energy in the state. Michigan lags far behind other Midwestern states in exploring this viable renewable resource. MSU Extension's goal is to provide landowners with information through workshops, this website and on-farm consultations to provide them with a good basis for deciding whether to include wind energy as part of their operations. Depending on how hard the wind blows, several options are available for wind power in Michigan. Landowners with at least a one-acre parcel and 10 mph winds might consider a small wind turbine to offset energy costs.

Picken's Plan
America is in a hole and it's getting deeper every day. We import 70% of our oil at a cost of $700 billion a year - four times the annual cost of the Iraq war. On January 20, 2009, a new President gets sworn in. If we're organized, we can convince Congress to make major changes towards cleaner, cheaper and domestic energy resources

MSU and Wind Energy
MSU Extension is working with landowners in Michigan to explore their options for wind energy. The State Energy Office of Michigan and the U.S. Department of Energy are sponsoring this effort to encourage more wind energy in the state. Michigan lags far behind other Midwestern states in exploring this viable renewable resource. MSU Extension's goal is to provide landowners with information through workshops, this website and on-farm consultations to provide them with a good basis for deciding whether to include wind energy as part of their operations. Depending on how hard the wind blows, several options are available for wind power in Michigan. Landowners with at least a one-acre parcel and 10 mph winds might consider a small wind turbine to offset energy costs.

Price of power
By taking full advantage of its wind resources, China has the potential to relinquish it's dependence on coal, say researchers. Deploying farms in the windiest areas would be most cost-effective, at 5.8 US cents per kilowatt-hour or less, and could displace 23 per cent of the nation's current coal-fired electricity. But if turbines were also installed in less optimal areas, they could meet the entire projected electricity demand in 2030 — twice current consumption — at a cost of 7.6 cents per kilowatt-hour. [Editor: Michigan really needs to tap the tremendous potential in wind power off our NW shore.]

20% Wind Energy by 2030
Energy prices, supply uncertainties, and environmental concerns are driving the United States to rethink its energy mix and develop diverse sources of clean, renewable energy. The nation is working toward generating more energy from domestic resources—energy that can be cost-effective and replaced or “renewed” without contributing to climate change or major adverse environmental impacts.

Small and Micro Scale Wind Powered Systems

Micro Turbines are Coming to Market
Until recently, there were few if any portable devices that were available to literally take wind power on the go. That is changing quick as there are several “back-pack” style devices that are on the market. The Rose Wind Turbine is the latest invention to be introduced to this ever growing energy niche. The Rose Wind Turbine is a small portable device that is small enough to fit into the trunk of the car and barely be noticed. However, once this portable wind turbine comes out, it is sure to turn heads.

Quiet Wind Generator for Home Use
A quiet wind turbine developed in Scotland is now available in the US and Canada. Its developers say that the roof-based turbine can provide significant power for homes and commercial buildings alike. Over a year, the turbine can generate about 2,000 kilowatt-hours of electricity, which is a significant percentage of the 6,500 to 10,000 kilowatt-hours per year that US households typically consume (estimates are from the US Energy Information Administration).

Is the answer blowing in the wind? Local Meijer store first to install wind turbines; others may follow
(Grand Haven Tribune) - The Meijer store in Grand Haven Township has taken a first step in renewable energy. The store, 15000 U.S. 31, recently erected six wind energy turbines atop its roof that will capture wind power and turn it into energy."We're a leader in new technology," said Store Manager Greg Hendricks. "It's just a good push for the environment." The 7-foot-diameter Swift wind turbines, built by Grand Rapids-based Cascade Engineering, were attached on the building's roof on the south end and two on the north last week. Hendricks said he has heard nothing but positive comments from customers about the turbines.

Developer installs wind turbine on roof of Peregrine Tower in downtown Kalamazoo
(Kalamazoo Gazette) - The ultra-modern-looking thing that could be mistaken for artwork at the top of the Peregrine Tower in downtown Kalamazoo is something Tom Huff decided he really needed to add to the building. The urban developer and property owner decided early this year that installing a commercial wind turbine to help cut utility costs and reduce the 10-story property's energy consumption was the right thing to do. He got working on it about a month and a half ago, and on Thursday, he completed the installation of a Swift Wind Turbine, manufactured by Cascade Engineering of Grand Rapids.

Donated wind turbines surprise church, school with lower bills, small size and quietness
(GR Press) - It started with a phone call last spring. "You're going to get a windmill," benefactor Peter Wege told St. Anthony of Padua's pastor, the Rev. Mark Przybysz. Today, the rooftop wind turbine spins with the breezes, lowering the electric bills at the Catholic church and school with every revolution. An identical one does the same atop Grand Rapids City High/Middle School. "When the environment and education come together, those are some of Mr. Wege's favorite projects," said Ellen Satterlee, executive director of the Wege Foundation, which funded the purchase and installation of the Swift Wind Turbines, built locally by Cascade Engineering.

City amends wind ordinance; Meijer ready to set-up
(Muskegon Chronicle) - Norton Shores officials have finalized changes to the city's wind turbine ordinance, and Meijer Inc. is ready to take advantage of those changes. City council members Tuesday night unanimously approved ordinance amendments -- including allowing more units per property and loosening up a setback requirement -- recommended by the city's planning commission. City officials are hoping the amendments will lead to a surge in installation of wind turbines in the city. Meijer Inc. seems interested in becoming the first in the city to install a wind turbine. Company officials earlier this year announced plans to install six Swift Wind Turbines...

Mini-Windmills Generate Power in the Dark
Miniature windmills could help power devices where sunlight is not available, such as in tunnels or the shadows of mountains, valleys or forests, researchers now reveal. Such windmills could power devices as humdrum as home alarms and lamps as well as sensors for monitoring border security, climate changes or forest fires, the inventors said. After solar power, wind power is the most effective source of mechanical energy in nature.

Wind Drives Piezoelectric Generator
Assistant Professor Shashank Priya and his associates at the University of Texas at Arlington (UTA) are testing various ways to use piezoelectric materials and wind or vibrations to create inexpensive electricity. In a special arrangement called a bimorph transducer, the piezoelectric layers are separated by a nonconductive material to form a sandwich structure. Only minor flexing needs to occur for a charge to be generated by the bimorph, producing electricity.


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